Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Viola canadensis

Canadian white violet

Violaceae (Violet Family)

Viola canadensis (Canadian white violet)
Cressler, Alan
Canadian white violet is a leafy-stemmed perennial, 8-16 in. tall. The white flowers, sometimes tinged with purple, have yellow centers. Leaves are long-petioled, heart-shaped, and deep-green. Fragrant, white, bilaterally symmetrical flowers hang and face outward at tips of short, slender, purplish stalks that grow from axils of heart-shaped, fine-toothed leaves.

The flowers growing from axils of upper leaves, and the yellow petal bases, help distinguish this lovely Violet from other white-flowered species.

Image Gallery:

12 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Orange
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul


USA: AL , AK , AZ , AR , CO , CT , GA , ID , IL , IN , IA , KY , ME , MD , MA , MI , MN , MT , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , NC , ND , OH , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , UT , VT , VA , WA , WV , WI , WY
Canada: BC , MB , NB , NS , ON , QC , SK
Native Distribution: Que. & w. NH to s. AK, across n. U.S, and s. in mts.
Native Habitat: Moist, open wooded areas

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Soil Description: Rich, moist soils.


Use Food: Edible flowers.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds

Last Update: 2014-07-29