Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Viola canadensis

Canadian white violet

Violaceae (Violet Family)

Viola canadensis (Canadian white violet)
Vick, Albert F. W.
Canadian white violet is a leafy-stemmed perennial, 8-16 in. tall. The white flowers, sometimes tinged with purple, have yellow centers. Leaves are long-petioled, heart-shaped, and deep-green. Fragrant, white, bilaterally symmetrical flowers hang and face outward at tips of short, slender, purplish stalks that grow from axils of heart-shaped, fine-toothed leaves.

The flowers growing from axils of upper leaves, and the yellow petal bases, help distinguish this lovely Violet from other white-flowered species.

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8 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Orange
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul


USA: AL , AK , AZ , AR , CO , CT , GA , ID , IL , IN , IA , KY , ME , MD , MA , MI , MN , MT , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , NC , ND , OH , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , UT , VT , VA , WA , WV , WI , WY
Canada: BC , MB , NB , NS , ON , QC , SK
Native Distribution: Que. & w. NH to s. AK, across n. U.S, and s. in mts.
Native Habitat: Moist, open wooded areas

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Soil Description: Rich, moist soils.


Use Food: Edible flowers.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds

Last Update: 2007-01-01