Marcus, Joseph A.
Ulmus crassifolia Nutt.
Cedar elm, Fall elm, Olmo
Ulmaceae (Elm Family)
Cedar elm is a large, oval-rounded tree
growing 50-70 ft. high and 40-60 ft. wide. Bark
is scaly and the drooping branches have corky ridges. Dark-green leaves are small and rough-textured. Leaves much smaller than those of the American Elm, Fall foliage is yellow except in the southern part of the range where it is evergreen. Tree
with rounded crown of drooping branches and the smallest leaves of any native
The common native
elm in east Texas where it is planted for shade. Called Cedar Elm because of the rough, cedar scale-like texture of the leaves and because it is often found in the western part of its range with Ashe Juniper (Juniperus ashei
), which is locally called cedar. The Latin species name means thick leaf.
Image Gallery: 31 photo(s) available
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
AR , FL , LA , MS , MO , OK , TN , TX Native Distribution:
TN & AR, s. to MS & TX Native Habitat:
Woodlands; ravines; open slopes USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist CaCO3 Tolerance:
Low Cold Tolerant:
Moist to dry, alkaline soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam Clay Loam, Clay, Caliche type, Limestone-based Conditions Comments:
Cedar elm is a nicely-proportioned, hardy, drought tolerant shade tree
for a broad range of soil types. It brings vivid yellow color to the landscape in autumn. No need to rake the small leaves—they compost nicely. Young trees have corky wings on their branches. The Mourning Cloak and Question Mark butterflies use it for larval food. Withstands drought and heavy, infertile soils. Susceptible to Dutch elm disease. Reasonably fast-growing. Known to cause severe allergy reactions.
Fast growing, Long-living, Fall conspicuous Use Wildlife:
Seeds-granivorous birds, Cover, Substrate-insectivorous birds, Nesting site, Browse, Seeds-Small mammals. Interesting Foliage:
Butterflies Larval Host:
Mourning Cloak, Question Mark Deer Resistant:
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for: