Smilacaceae (Greenbrier Family)
Ranges through much of eastern North America, from eastern Texas and eastern Oklahoma, east to northern Florida, and north as far as southernmost Ontario and Nova Scotia in Canada, where its limited range qualifies it for threatened status under Canadas Species at Risk Act (SARA). Numerous birds and animals eat common greenbrier fruits. The persistent fruits are an important late winter and early spring food for wintering birds, including northern cardinals and white-throated sparrows. Common greenbrier is a pioneer species that forms impenetrable thickets of prickly branches, which create good cover for small mammals and birds (USDA).
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Green Autumn Foliage:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green , Brown
, DC Canada: NS
, ON Native Habitat:
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
BenefitWarning: Thorns or prickles.
Last Update: 2014-02-03