Marcus, Joseph A.
Prunus mexicana S. Wats.
Mexican plum, Bigtree plum
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
Bigtree or Mexican plum is a single-trunked, non-suckering tree,
15-35 ft. tall, with fragrant, showy, white flowers displayed before the leaves appear. Mature trunks become satiny, blue-gray with darker, horizontal striations. Leaves up to 5 inches long and 2 inches wide, ovate
to narrower with serrate
margins; minute glands on the petiole
near the base of the blade. Plums turn from yellow to mauve to purple as they ripen from July through September.
The common wild plum of the forest-prairie border from Missouri and eastern Kansas to Texas. The fruit
is eaten fresh and made into preserves and is also consumed by birds and mammals. This species has served as a stock for grafting cultivated varieties of plums.
Image Gallery: 75 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Retention: Deciduous Size Notes:
15-35 Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr
AL , AR , GA , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , MS , MO , NE , NC , OH , OK , SC , SD , TN , TX , WI Native Distribution:
Extreme s. OH to s.e. SD, s. to SC, AL, TX & Mex. Native Habitat:
Dry to moist thin woods, river bottoms & prairies. mostly in northeast and north central Texas. USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist , Dry Cold Tolerant:
Dry to moist, well-drained soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Limestone-based Conditions Comments:
Bigtree or Mexican plum is a single-trunked, non-suckering tree
with fragrant, showy, white flowers displayed before the leaves appear. Mature trunks become satiny, blue-gray with darker, horizontal striations. Plums turn from yellow to mauve to purple as they ripen from July through September.
Attractive, Aromatic, Showy, Fall conspicuous, Accent tree
or shrub Use Wildlife:
Plums attract birds. Nectar-bees, Fruit-birds, Fruit-mammals Use Food: Fruit
used for preserves and cooking. Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds , Butterflies Larval Host:
Tiger Swallowtail, Cecropia moths Nectar Source: