Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Poa arachnifera

Texas bluegrass, Texas blue grass

Poaceae (Grass Family)

Poa arachnifera (Texas bluegrass)
Simpson, Benny
Texas blue grass is tufted, cool season perennial. Dense clusters of stems and leaves rise from long, slender rhizomes. A broad, dense seed head, with tufts of silky-white hairs, tops the 1-1 1/2 ft. culms. Leaves are usually much shorter.

This grass provides fair grazing for wildlife.

Image Gallery:

15 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Inflorescence: Panicle
Fruit Type: Achene , Caryopsis
Size Notes: 1-2 feet.
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May


USA: AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , KS , LA , MS , NM , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX
Native Distribution: S. KS to TX; introduced e. to NC & FL
Native Habitat: Woodlands edge, Opening, Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Loams. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
Conditions Comments: This Texas cool season native forms clumps with narrow blue-green leaves. In spring the showy 2-3 ft. fluffy silvery flowers rise above the foliage. Good in most well drained soils. Can tolerate some shade. A good groundcover unmowed or mowed. Unlike most grasses, male and female flowers are borne on seperate plants.


Use Ornamental: Attractive
Use Wildlife: Fair grazing for wildlife. Graze, Seeds-Small mammals, Seeds-granivorous birds, Nesting material
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Deer Resistant: High

Last Update: 2011-02-19