Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Pistacia mexicana


Mexican pistachio, Texas pistachio, American pistachio


Anacardiaceae (Sumac Family)



Pistacia mexicana (Mexican pistachio)
Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn
Copall pistachio is a large, airy, rounded shrub or multi-trunked small tree, 12-20 ft. tall. Its glossy foliage, reddish in spring, dark-green later, is pinnately compound. Clusters of small, white flowers are followed by clusters of red, nut-like drupes on females. These become almost black on drying.


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11 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Size Notes: 12-20
Fruit:
Size Class: 12-36 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug

Distribution

USA: TX
Native Distribution: S. TX & n.e. Mex.
Native Habitat: Limestone cliffs; ravine edges

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Description: Well-drained, alkaline soil.
Conditions Comments: This uncommon, handsome evergreen is drought-resistant and grows well in full sunlight and merits planting as an ornamental in warm, dry climates. In spring the new dark red foliage is showy. Clusters of small, white flowers are followed by clusters of red, nut-like drupes on females. These become almost black on drying.

Benefit

Use Wildlife: Fruits attract birds.
Use Food: Goats browse the leaves; however, the small seeds are often empty and unimportant as food for wildlife or people. Pistachio nuts are from the related Common Pistache (Pistacia vera), native of western Asia.
Attracts: Birds
Deer Resistant: High

Last Update: 2009-09-06