Marcus, Joseph A.
Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
Texas frogfruit, Turkey tangle fogfruit, Frogfruit
Verbenaceae (Verbena Family)
Texas Frogfruit can be used as an excellent ground cover and is evergreen
in warm years. It is also evergreen
in areas protected from frost. It spreads vigorously. Frogfruit generally is a good nectar
plant for butterflies. It is an attractive plant rambling over boulders or the edges of hanging baskets. It also can tolerate drought and flooding.
This species is a member of the verbena family (family Verbenaceae), which includes about 75 genera and 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, mostly of tropical and warm temperate regions. Among them, teak is a highly prized furniture wood, and Vervain, Lantana, Lippia or Frog Fruit,
and Chase Tree
or Vitex are grown as ornamentals.
Image Gallery: 42 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen Size Notes:
3-6 inches Leaf:
Green, with reddish or purplish tinge in cold winters Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
AL , AZ , AR , CA , FL , GA , HI , KS , KY , LA , MD , MS , MO , NV , NM , NC , OK , OR , PA , SC , TX , UT , VA Native Distribution:
Southern half of the US to the tropics. Native Habitat:
Anywhere from ditches and roadways to beaches and fields. USDA Native Status: L48(N), HI(I), PR(N), VI(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Sand, loam, clay, caliche, limestone. Poor drainage and saline soils okay.
Conditions Comments: Tolerates drought and flooding. Will go dormant during hard winters.
BenefitUse Ornamental: A great groundcover for full sun and part shade areas, with trailing foliage and charming, mini-verbena-like flowers. Would also do well as a pot plant.
Use Wildlife: Attracts numerous insect pollinators.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: Phaon Crescentspot, Buckeye, and White Peacock butterflies
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: Moderate
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for: