Northern bayberry, Candleberry
Myricaceae (Bayberry Family)
Vick, Albert F. W.
A spreading, much-branched shrub,
3-12 ft. tall. Glossy, fragrant gray-green, egg-shaped leaves remain on the plant in the southern part of its range, or turn tan-colored and persist into winter farther north. Green catkins appear before leaves. Clusters of small, round, hard, white berries remain on the female plant all winter.
Image Gallery: 9 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf:
Bluish white Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
, DC Canada: NB
, PE Native Distribution:
Along the coast from ME
to VA; also along shores of Lake Erie Native Habitat:
Ledges, wood borders; thickets
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist Soil pH:
Acidic (pH<6.8) CaCO3 Tolerance:
Medium Soil Description:
Clay, Loam, Sand Conditions Comments:
Bayberry tolerates salt spray and a wide variety of wet to dry, hot to cold growing conditions. Be sure to obtain plants similar to climatic condition in your garden. Both male and female plants are necessary for berries. From NJ
another coastal bayberry occurs, M. heterophylla. It is similar with smaller fruits.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Eaten by many winter birds.
Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
Larval Host: Columbia silkmoth
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for: