Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Hymenocallis liriosme

Texas Spiderlily, Spring Spiderlily, Spiderlily, Louisiana Spiderlily, Western Marsh Spiderlily

Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Hymenocallis liriosme (Texas spiderlily)
Fannon, Carolyn
An elegant and unusual-looking flower, the spider lily has a stem 13 feet high, with 2 or 3 blossoms at the top. The flower has 3 white sepals and 3 petals which are alike and unite to form a tube 24 inches long, narrow but spreading, and curving backward slightly as they age. The flowers are quite fragrant. The glossy leaves, at the base of the plant, are 630 inches long and 1 inch wide.

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Notes: 1-3
Leaf: Green
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jul , Aug , Sep


USA: AR , LA , MS , OK , TX
Native Habitat: Flood plains, bottomland, Ditches, Ravines, Depressions, Marshes, Stream banks, Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Acid-based, Calcareous
Conditions Comments: Best grown in medium wet to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Soils must never be allowed to dry out. Plant bulbs 4 deep and space 6-10 apart in fall. Good for wetland gardens and habitat.


Use Ornamental: Aromatic, Blooms ornamental, Showy, Bog or pond area, Perennial garden
Use Wildlife: Nectar-insects
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds
Deer Resistant: High

Last Update: 2016-02-29