Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Geum canadense

White avens

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Geum canadense (White avens)
Smith, R.W.
White Avens is a member of the rose family (family Rosaceae) which includes herbs, shrubs, and trees with mostly prickly stems. Flowers: usually bisexual, radially symmetrical; sepals 5; petals 5 or sometimes none, separate; stamens usually numerous; sepals, petals, and stamens attached at edge of cup (which is attached at bottom of ovary), or attached at top of ovary.Leaves: alternate, simple or compound, usually with small leaf-like structures at the base of the leaf stalk. Fruit: dry or fleshy, opening at maturity or remaining closed.

White Avens complements any woodland garden as a groundcover or in a mass planting. The leaves resemble those of strawberries. Its evergreen winter foliage also makes it attractive as a potted plant. The seeds attach to dog fur or clothing.

There are about 100 genera and 3,000 species in the worldwide Rose family. Apples, pears, quinces, cherries, plums, peaches, apricots, loquats, blackberries, raspberries, and strawberries are important fruits. Roses, Cotoneaster, Firethorn, Mountain Ash, Spirea, and Hawthorns are common ornamentals.

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen
Size Notes: 4 to 18 inches, but can reach 4 feet
Leaf: Green
Flower: Flowers half an inch
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun


USA: AL , AR , CT , DE , GA , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , ME , MD , MA , MI , MN , MS , MO , MT , NE , NH , NJ , NY , NC , ND , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VT , VA , WV , WI , WY , DC
Canada: NB , NS , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Nova Scotia to South Dakota to Georgia to eastern Texas
Native Habitat: Woodland edges and openings, thickets, open woodlands

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Calcareous or Acidic, Poor or Rich, Dry or Moist, Loose or Compacted
Conditions Comments: Tolerates seasonal flooding.


Use Ornamental: Ground cover, Can be mowed
Warning: Seeds cling to fur and clothing.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: No

Last Update: 2012-10-03