Virginia strawberry, Wild strawberry
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
Muller, Thomas L.
Virginia strawberry or wild strawberry is a ground-hugging plant rising from a fibrous, perennial
root system. Hairy leaf petioles, up to 6 in. long, each bear a single trifoliate
leaf. The hairy flower
stalk gives rise to a loose cluster of small, five-petaled flowers followed by tasty, wild strawberries.
Found in patches in fields and dry openings, this plant produces the finest, sweetest, wild strawberry. The edible portion of the strawberry is actually the central portion of the flower
(receptacle) which enlarges greatly with maturity and is covered with the embedded, dried, seed-like fruit. Cultivated Strawberries are hybrids developed from this native
species and the South American one. The similar Wood Strawberry (F. vesca
) has seed-like fruit
on the surface, not embedded, and sepals
that point backwards.
Image Gallery: 18 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Complexity: Trifoliate Flower:
Red Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
, DC Canada: AB
, SK Native Distribution:
Nf. & e. Que. to Man., s. to GA
& OK Native Habitat:
Fields; prairies; woodland edges
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Variable. Tolerant of moderately acid soil.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitUse Wildlife: Berries attract wildlife.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: Gray Hairstreak
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for: