Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Fraxinus albicans

Texas Ash, Mountain ash

Oleaceae (Olive Family)

Fraxinus albicans (Texas ash)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Texas ash is a small tree, 30-45 ft. tall, of limestone hills and canyons with an attractive, densely branched canopy. Pinnate leaves have brilliant fall color. Leaflets usually 5, rounded, not as elongate as in Red Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica). Wings usually not extending beyond the middle of the seed. (See Red Ash for comparison.)

Confined to Texas, except for a northern extension into the Arbuckle Mountains of Oklahoma. This southwestern relative of White Ash (Fraxinus americana) has fewer and smaller leaflets and smaller fruit and is adapted to a warmer, less humid climate; some consider it a variety of that species. Name changed from Fraxinus texensis to correct an issue of nomenclatural priority.

Image Gallery:

11 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Opposite
Leaf Complexity: Pinnate
Size Notes: Mature tree in optimal conditions may reach 30-45 feet in height.
Autumn Foliage: yes
Fruit: Samara.
Size Class: 12-36 ft. , 36-72 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Not Applicable


Native Distribution: Southern Oklahoma south through the center of Texas as far as Durango in northern Mexico
Native Habitat: Canyon bluffs; rocky slopes in open woods; along lakes.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Rocky soils; often of . Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Caliche type.
Conditions Comments: Texas ash is a small tree with an attractive, densely branched canopy. Pinnate leaves have brilliant fall color. Long-lived and healthy. Very drought-tolerant. Low water requirements.


Use Ornamental: Fall conspicuous, Blooms ornamental, Attractive, Long-living, Fruits ornamental.
Use Wildlife: Substrate-insectivorous birds, Cover, Nesting site, Browse, Fruit-birds.
Interesting Foliage: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Larval Host: Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Deer Resistant: No

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Fraxinus albicans is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
(Papilio glaucus)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

Last Update: 2015-11-12