Elbow bush, Stretchberry, Spring herald
Oleaceae (Olive Family)
Marcus, Joseph A.
or nearly opposite,
twigs, sometimes on long, arched branches. Common in open woodlands, brushy areas, and near streams. Leaves opposite,
with a short petiole; blades up to 1 1/4 inches long, broadly ovate
to narrower, with a rounded or pointed tip, tapering or rounded at the base, and with fine toothed
margins. Flowers not showy, yellow, without petals, borne in small clusters on bare twigs in February and March, male and female on separate bushes. Fruit
(on female bushes) fleshy, dark blue, with a lighter bloom easily rubbed off, 1/4 inch in diameter and slightly longer than wide.
Image Gallery: 38 photo(s) available
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar
, UT Native Distribution:
California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, and Oklahoma south through Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas to Chihuahua
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low , Medium Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade , Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist , Dry Drought Tolerance:
Medium , High Conditions Comments:
Locally known as elbow-bush, so named because it typically branches at right angles. Early flowering period provides nectar
for early spring butterflies, particularly small butterflies such as hairstreaks. Foliage turns chartreuse yellow in fall.
BenefitAttracts: Birds , Butterflies
Larval Host: Hairstreaks
Nectar Source: yes