Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Erythronium albidum

White Troutlily, White Dogtooth-violet, White Fawnlily, Adder's-tongue

Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Erythronium albidum (White troutlily)
Loveless, Brenda K.
A low, lily-like plant with elliptic basal leaves which may or may not be maroon-mottled. Sterile 1-leaved plants grow together with fertile 2-leaved plants. A white bell-shaped flower, 1-2 in. long, is borne on 6-12 in. stalk. Petals and sepals are often bent backwards exposing six brown stamens. The name Dogtooth Violet comes from its root, a corm the size of a dogs tooth.

Leaves make an attractive ground cover. Plants multiply rapidly by root offshoots and seed, but can require up to six years before blooming.

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Notes: 6 to 10 inches high
Leaf: Green mottled with purple
Flower: Flower 1 inch across
Size Class: 0-1 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr
Bloom Notes: In Texas, blooms at same time as redbuds and wild plums.


USA: AL , AR , GA , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , MD , MI , MN , MS , MO , NE , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , SD , TN , TX , VA , WV , WI , DC
Canada: ON
Native Distribution: Southern Ontario south to eastern Texas
Native Habitat: Low, deciduous woods; thickets; floodplains; prairies

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Dry
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8) , Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Soil Description: Deep, humus-rich loam; acid, neutral, and lime soils okay, moist to dry
Conditions Comments: Adapted to grow in deciduous hardwood forests, so should be planted where it will receive ample sun in early spring.


Use Ornamental: Adds white, early spring blossoms and pleasant, ground-level foliage to the woodland garden.
Use Wildlife: Deer consume leaves.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Deer Resistant: No

Last Update: 2016-02-29