Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Elymus virginicus

Virginia wildrye, Virginia wild rye

Poaceae (Grass Family)

Elymus virginicus (Virginia wildrye)
Simpson, Benny
Culms: Strictly erect or decumbent at base, mostly 60-120 cm tall, green. Blades: Flat, mostly 5-15 mm. braod. Spike: Usually stiffly erect.

Image Gallery:

1 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Inflorescence: Terminal , Spike
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Notes: 2-4 feet.
Leaf: Green
Size Class: 1-3 ft. , 3-6 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May


USA: AL , AZ , AR , CT , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , ME , MD , MA , MI , MN , MS , MO , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NY , NC , ND , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VT , VA , WV , WI , WY , DC
Canada: NB , NL , NS , PE
Native Habitat: Shaded banks, fence rows, open woodlands.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Organic, Clay, Loam, Sandy


Use Wildlife: Fair grazing, seed and forage for birds and small mammals, used for denning and nesting material.
Use Other: Good grazing for livestock.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Larval Host: The Grass Family is an essential larval host for most branded skippers and most of the satyrs.

Last Update: 2012-12-07