Marcus, Joseph A.
Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench
Eastern purple coneflower, Purple coneflower
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
A popular perennial
with smooth, 2-5 ft. stems and long-lasting, lavender flowers. Rough, scattered leaves that become small toward the top of the stem. Flowers occur singly atop the stems and have domed, purplish-brown, spiny centers and drooping, lavender rays. An attractive perennial
with purple (rarely white), drooping rays surrounding a spiny, brownish central disk.
name is from the Greek echino, meaning hedgehog, an allusion to the spiny, brownish central disk. The flowers of Echinacea species are used to make an extremely popular herbal tea, purported to help strengthen the immune system; an extract is also available in tablet or liquid form in pharmacies and health food stores. Often cultivated, Purple Coneflower is a showy, easily grown garden plant.
Image Gallery: 50 photo(s) available
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
AL , AR , CT , FL , GA , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , MD , MI , MS , MO , NJ , NY , NC , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV , WI Canada: ON
, QC Native Distribution:
FL to extreme n.e. TX, n. to VA, OH, IL & IA Native Habitat:
Extreme northeast Texas. Well-drained limestone, sand, clay, loam. Rocky, open woods; thickets; prairies USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(I)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry CaCO3 Tolerance:
Low Soil Description:
Well-drained, sandy or richer soils. Conditions Comments:
Echinacea is a suitable addition to a prairie garden and attractive in flower arrangements. It is a popular perennial
with smooth stems and long-lasting, lavender flowers. Rough, scattered leaves that become small toward the top of the stem. Flowers occur singly atop the stems and have domed, purplish-brown, spiny centers and drooping, lavender rays. Purple coneflower can become very aggressive
BenefitUse Wildlife: Echinacea spp. attract butterflies and hummingbirds.
Use Medicinal: Extracts thought to improve white blood count. Echinacin stops bacteria from forming the hyaluronidase enzyme, which helps make cells more susceptible to infection. Itís a mild natural antibiotic. Small amounts taken a few times daily are better than large dose
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: No