spring in loose clusters. The 12-36 in. fertile fronds are larger than the infertile ones and only the latter are evergreen.
as the fertile fronds become relaxed at the base and fall over, although the sterile fronds remain green through the winter. (Ferns of Grey and Bruce Counties)
AL , CT , DE , GA , ID , IL , IN , IA , ME , MD , MA , MI , MN , MO , MT , NE , NH , NJ , NY , NC , ND , OH , PA , RI , TN , VT , VA , WA , WV , WI , DC Canada: NB
, PE Native Distribution:
Nf. to Sask., s. to NC, TN, n. IL, IA , ND, n.w. MT & n. ID Native Habitat:
Wet woods; swampy thickets USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N),
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
High Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade , Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist Soil pH:
Acidic (pH<6.8) CaCO3 Tolerance:
High Soil Description:
Mucky, moderately acid soils. Conditions Comments:
Though this fern
prefers wet sites, it will tolerate much less moisture. Requires very little care.