American hazelnut, American filbert
Betulaceae (Birch Family)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy
A dense, mound-shaped, thicket-forming shrub,
6-12 ft. tall. Yellowish-brown catkins are showy in late winter and early spring. The female bloom is obscure. Edible nut
with ragged papery husk. Fall color varies from bright yellow to deep wine-red.
Image Gallery: 17 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf:
Green Autumn Foliage:
Light brown Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
, DC Canada: MB
, SK Native Distribution:
to Sask., s. to GA
& e. OK Native Habitat:
Thickets; upland forests; rocky hillsides; pastures
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Dry
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Various moist to dry, well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: Can be pruned anytime. Tends to sucker from the roots and must often be thinned out. No extensive disease or insect problems.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Nuts eaten by birds and squirrels.