Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Corylus americana

American hazelnut, American filbert

Betulaceae (Birch Family)

Corylus americana (American hazelnut)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy
A dense, mound-shaped, thicket-forming shrub, 6-12 ft. tall. Yellowish-brown catkins are showy in late winter and early spring. The female bloom is obscure. Edible nut with ragged papery husk. Fall color varies from bright yellow to deep wine-red.

Image Gallery:

17 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf: Green
Autumn Foliage: yes
Fruit: Light brown
Size Class: 6-12 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun


USA: AL , AR , CT , DE , GA , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , ME , MD , MA , MI , MN , MS , MO , NE , NH , NJ , NY , NC , ND , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , VT , VA , WV , WI , DC
Canada: MB , NB , ON , QC , SK
Native Distribution: S. ME to Sask., s. to GA & e. OK
Native Habitat: Thickets; upland forests; rocky hillsides; pastures

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Dry
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Various moist to dry, well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: Can be pruned anytime. Tends to sucker from the roots and must often be thinned out. No extensive disease or insect problems.


Use Wildlife: Nuts eaten by birds and squirrels.
Attracts: Birds

Last Update: 2012-07-31