Chinkapin, Allegheny chinquapin, Allegheny-chinkapin, Chinquapin
Fagaceae (Beech Family)
or large, thicket-forming shrub
to 30 ft. Single- or multi-trunked with horizontal lower branches, ascending in upper crown. Glossy, dark green, toothed
leaves turn yellowish or purple in fall. Flower
is a long, pencil-like, pale yellow spike
and the fruit
is a nut
enclosed in a prickly, bur-like husk.
Captain John Smith published the first record of this nut
in 1612: They [Native Americans] have a small fruit
growing on little trees, husked like a Chestnut, but the fruit
most like a very small acorne. This they call Checkinquamins, which they esteem a great daintie.
Image Gallery: 9 photo(s) available
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
, DC Native Distribution:
w. to s.e. OK
& e. TX Native Habitat:
Sandy, open, dry woods & thickets
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Sandy, well-drained soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam
Conditions Comments: Produces a sweet nut. Susceptible to chestnut blight.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Attractive, Blooms ornamental, Aromatic
Use Wildlife: Seeds are a favorite food of deer, squirrels, and other animals. Nectar-insects, Fruit-mammals, Fruit-birds
Use Food: The edible nuts were a favorite of indigenous people.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for: