Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Callirhoe involucrata

Winecup, Purple poppy mallow

Malvaceae (Mallow Family)

Callirhoe involucrata (Winecup)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Purple poppy-mallow’s stems sprawl along the ground up to 3 feet, forming a thick mat up to 1 foot tall. Rounded, hairy leaves are deeply lobed and cleft. The chalice-shaped, 1 1/2-2 1/2 in. wide flowers have a white spot at the base of their five, maroon petals. Flowers, which are borne on long, axillary stalks, close in the evening, open in the morning and remain closed after pollination.

An attractive, spreading, drought-tolerant perennial, Winecup is susceptible to a rust during wet seasons in the Great Plains.

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Evergreen , Semi-evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Size Notes: 8-12 inches tall spreading to 3 feet.
Leaf: Gray-Green
Size Class: 0-1 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun


USA: AZ , AR , CO , FL , IL , IN , IA , KS , MI , MN , MO , NE , NM , ND , OK , OR , PA , TX , VA , WY
Native Distribution: W. IA to e. WY, s. to LA, TX & n.e. NM
Native Habitat: It is usually found in open woods and on rocky hills in shrublands and thickets.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Well-drained, rocky or sandy soils. Clay, Clay Loam, Medium Loam, Sandy Loam, Sandy, Gravelly, Calcareous, Acid-based.
Conditions Comments: Winecup has masses of flowers in spring that are predominately solid pink to magenta-colored. The trailing form and strongly lobed foliage are especially nice when planted with contrasting shapes and leaf textures of plants such as Wild Foxglove and Four-nerve Daisy. It can also look nice in a hanging basket or trailing over a wall. An attractive, spreading, drought tolerant perennial which must be in well-drained soil.


Use Ornamental: Excellent addition as a bedding plant alone or mixed in a grassy area. May be planted in a hanging basket in which trailing stems cascade over the side. Color, Blooms ornamental, Showy, Wildflower meadow, Easily grown, Long-blooming.
Use Wildlife: Nectar-Bees
Use Medicinal: Burned, crushed dried roots inhaled for head colds. Aching limbs exposed to smoke to reduce pain. Roots boiled, then tea drunk for pains.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: Minimal

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Callirhoe involucrata is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Gray Hairstreak
(Strymon melinus)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

Last Update: 2016-09-29