Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Bromus carinatus

California brome

Poaceae (Grass Family)

Bromus carinatus (California brome)
California brome is a variable species, differing in, among other things, duration. Considered annuals, biennials & perennials, all appear actually to be short-lived perennials that sometimes flower the first season. The culms are 2-3 ft. tall with a narrow panicle. The branches of the seed head are usually erect, but may be drooping.

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Leaf: Green
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul


Canada: AB
Native Distribution: B.C. through cismontane CA, e. to ID & NM; infrequent in the Great Plains
Native Habitat: A variety of open or shaded, dry sites

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Various dry soils.
Conditions Comments: Has been known to persist for several seasons, so can be treated somewhat like a perennial.


Use Food: Seed harvested by indigenous Californians.
Use Other: Culms used in basketry by indigenous Californians.
Attracts: Birds

Last Update: 2008-10-19