Marcus, Joseph A.
Bignonia capreolata L.
Bignoniaceae (Trumpet-Creeper Family)
A climbing, woody vine
reaching 50 ft. long with showy, orange-red, trumpet-shaped flowers 2 inches long and 1 1/2 inches across which hang in clusters of two to five. They are sometimes seen high in a tree,
as the vine
climbs by means of tendrils. Claws at the end of its tendrils allow crossvine to cling to stone, bricks and fences without support. Leaves are opposite,
4–6 inches long by 2 inches wide, with a third leaflet
modified into a tendril. Persistent, glossy, semi-evergreen
leaves change from dark green in summer to reddish-purple in winter.
Image Gallery: 45 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Vine Leaf Retention: Evergreen Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Texture:
Waxy Fruit Type: Legume Size Notes:
Can climb to 36-50 feet. Leaf:
Dark green, with purplish venation
and stems in winter Flower:
Flowers 2 inches long.
Brown 4 to 8 inch pods Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
Bloom Notes: Bloom can be brick red with yellow throats, yellow with brick red throats, some other combination of those two colors, or completely brick red.
AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MD , MS , MO , NC , OH , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV Native Distribution:
FL to e. TX, n. to MD, WV, & the Ohio R. valley, Zones 6 to 9 Native Habitat:
Forested floodplains and uplands, hammocks, fencerows, limestone escarpments USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Dry
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Moist, well-drained, acidic or calcareous soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay.
Conditions Comments: Some shade is tolerated, but the best flowering is achieved in full sun. Tolerates brief flooding.
An evergreen vine
with glossy leaves and showy, two-tone, trumpet flowers. Use Wildlife:
Hummingbirds are attracted to flowers. An early nectar
source for butterflies and hummingbirds. Deer browse it in winter. Conspicuous Flowers:
Hummingbirds Nectar Source: