Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Artemisia ludoviciana

Louisiana artemisia, Louisiana sage, White sage, Prairie sage, Silver sage, White sagebrush, Louisiana wormwood, Silver wormwood, Louisiana sagewort, Gray sagewort, Cudweed sagewort, Mugwort wormwood

Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Artemisia ludoviciana (Louisiana artemisia)
Smith, R.W.
This is a stiff, aromatic, silvery-white perennial, 1 1/2-3 ft. tall, which can spread quickly to form large colonies. Shrub-like, white, densely matted with hairs, from rhizome. Small, yellowish flowers are secondary to the silver color of the erect stems and narrow leaves, created by a dense coat of hairs.

This is a common artemisia, with attractive, fragrant, whitish green foliage. Its adaptability and tendency to colonize makes it a good choice for a low-maintenance, knee- to waist-high groundcover. It can even take mowing.

Image Gallery:

15 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Subshrub
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen
Size Notes: 2-3
Leaf: White-gray. Northern populations have whiter, broader leaves.
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct


USA: AZ , AR , CA , CO , CT , DE , GA , ID , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , ME , MD , MA , MI , MN , MS , MO , MT , NE , NV , NH , NJ , NM , NY , NC , ND , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VT , VA , WA , WI , WY
Canada: AB , BC , MB , NB , NT , ON , PE , QC , SK
Native Distribution: Much of North America, from Canada south to Mexico
Native Habitat: Dry slopes; canyons; open pine woods; dry prairies. Eastern populations more in uplands, western populations more in lowlands.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Drought Tolerance: High
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Dry to mesic, rocky, shallow soils, well drained. Sand, loam, clay, caliche, limestone. Very adaptable.
Conditions Comments: Becomes leggy in fertile, moist soils.


Use Ornamental: A colonizing groundcover plant that has attractive silvery foliage and takes tough conditions.
Use Medicinal: Tea from leaves for stomach troubles. Tea of roots for laxative, inability to urinate and difficulty in childbirth. Crushed leaf as snuff for sinus attacks, nosebleed and headaches. Strong tea as wash for eczema, deodorant and antiperspirant for underarms and feet.
Use Other: Smoke for ceremonial uses. Tea from leaves for ceremonial bathing. Cut stalks used for fragrant wreaths and floral arrangements.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Foliage: yes

Last Update: 2012-12-07