Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Antennaria plantaginifolia

Woman's Tobacco, Ladies' Tobacco, Everlasting, Mouse Ear, Plantain-leaf Pussytoes

Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Antennaria plantaginifolia (Woman's tobacco)
Cressler, Alan
A low, colony-forming plant, spreading by runners, with basal leaves and erect stems, each bearing a terminal cluster of fuzzy, rayless flower heads.

The crowded flower heads are thought to resemble a cats paw, hence the common name. Male and the showier female flowers are on different plants. In some species of pussytoes the male flower heads are rare, even unknown, the female flower heads producing seeds without pollination. Most of our many species of Antennaria are difficult to identify, but Plantain-leaf Pussytoes is not a problem, nor is the similar-leaved Single-head Pussytoes (A. solitaria), found from Pennsylvania west to Illinois and south to the Gulf of Mexico; as its common name indicates, each stem bears a single flower head.

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Size Notes: Leaves 2 inches high
Leaf: Silvery green
Flower: Flowers in 1/4 inch clusters
Size Class: 0-1 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
Bloom Notes: Male flowers pure white. Female flowers white tinged with pink.


USA: AL , AR , CT , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , IA , KY , LA , ME , MD , MA , MN , MS , MO , NH , NJ , NY , NC , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VT , VA , WV , WI , DC
Native Distribution: Quebec and Maine south to Florida, west to Louisiana, and north to Minnesota. Zones 4 to 8.
Native Habitat: Dry open woodlands, meadows, and rocky places.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Drought Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Dry, acidic, sandy or rocky, poor soils
Conditions Comments: Prefers dry woodlands with light, dappled shade


Use Ornamental: Groundcover for dryish eastern woodland landscapes in light shade.
Use Wildlife: Winter deer browse
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Deer Resistant: No

Last Update: 2013-09-09