Bigtooth maple, Big-toothed maple, Uvalde bigtooth maple, Southwestern bigtooth maple, Canyon maple, Sabinal maple, Western sugar maple
Aceraceae (Maple Family)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy
A shrubby or somewhat tree-like maple, this species usually matures at 10-15 ft. but is sometimes taller. Its bark
is dark brown and scaly and is branches are stout and erect. The thickish, three- to five-lobed deciduous
leaves turn bright red and gold in the fall. Small to medium-sized tree
with short trunk and spreading, rounded, dense crown; often a shrub. The scientific name, meaning large-toothed, refers to the leaves.
Image Gallery: 31 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub
, Tree Root Type: Fibrous Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Venation: Palmate Leaf Pubescence:
Puberulent Leaf Margin: Dentate
, Lobed Leaf Apex: Obtuse Leaf Base: Cordate Breeding System:
, Dioecious Size Notes:
Dk green above, pale under with some fuzz. Autumn Foliage:
Flowers insignificant Fruit:
Green, 25 mm Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr
Bloom Notes: Flowers are small, in hanging clusters, appearing with the leaves.
, WY Native Distribution:
SE. Idaho south to Arizona and east to S. New Mexico and Trans-Pecos Texas; local in Edwards Plateau of S. central Texas, SW. Oklahoma, and N. Mexico; at 4000-7000 (1219-2134 m); locally to 1500 (457 m).
Moist soils of canyons in mountains and plateaus; in woodlands.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Moist soils, Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Calcareous
Conditions Comments: Propagation mostly by seed. Great fall color.
The showy autumn foliage makes it suitable as an ornamental. Use Food:
The western relative of Sugar Maple, Canyon Maple has sweetish sap
used locally to prepare maple sugar. Use Other:
The wood provides good fuel. Conspicuous Flowers: