Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Viola glabella Nutt.
Pioneer violet, Smooth yellow violet
Violaceae (Violet Family)
This is a 4-8 in. violet with large, bright-green, heart-shaped basal leaves just below the deep-yellow, pansy-like flowers. The lateral and lower petals are marked with purple veins. Slender leaning or erect stems with leaves only in upper one-third, and bilaterally symmetrical, yellow flowers facing outward, hanging from slender stalks.
A very common species in moist, shaded places in woods. Most western Violets have yellow rather than purple corollas, but all have the perky little flower with a spur
or pouch behind the lower petal. The lower petal
forms a landing platform for insects seeking nectar
within the spur.
Image Gallery: 4 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul
AK , CA , ID , MT , OR , WA Canada: BC Native Distribution:
C. & n. CA to AK, e. to the northern Rockies Native Habitat:
Cool, moist redwood forests; stream banks USDA Native Status: L48(N), AK(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet , Moist
Soil Description: Moist to wet soils.
Conditions Comments: Smooth yellow violet is easy to establish in woodland gardens. It may reseed and can become a bit invasive.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for: