Vick, Albert F. W.
Viburnum acerifolium L.
Mapleleaf viburnum, Maple-leaf viburnum, Arrow-wood, Maple-leaf arrow-wood
Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family)
Maple-leaf arrow-wood is a low, densely branched shrub,
4-6 ft. tall and 3-4 ft. wide. Flat-topped clusters of white flowers are followed by berries turning from red to blue-black. Bright- to dark-green, deciduous
foliage, maple-like in shape, is very colorful in fall. A shrub
with maple-like leaves and small, white flowers or uniform size in flat topped clusters.
The distinctive, purplish-pink autumn foliage makes this one of our handsomest shrubs. Another native
Viburnum with 3-lobed leaves, Cranberry Viburnum (V. opulus var. americanum
), has large, showy, white, sterile outer flowers in each cluster and in late summer and autumn bears red fruits suitable for jam. Few-flowered Cranberry Bush (V. edule
), with red fruit
and only slightly lobed leaves, occurs at high elevations in the Northeast, extending far north into Canada.
Image Gallery: 11 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Complexity: Simple Leaf Venation: Palmate Leaf Margin: Dentate Size Notes:
Dense clumps to 5 feet tall. Leaf:
Green above, pale below. Autumn Foliage:
Flower 1 1/2 to 3 inches across
Red turning purple or black. Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
AL , AR , CT , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , ME , MD , MA , MI , MS , NH , NJ , NY , NC , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VT , VA , WV , WI , DC Canada: NB
, QC Native Distribution:
N.B. to Upper Peninsula MI, s. to FL & TX Native Habitat:
Thickets, Shaded woods. Mesic, mixed woods; bluffs; ravines USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Dry
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Dry, rocky soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Acid-based
Conditions Comments: Suckers profusely to form large, loose, open colonies. Susceptible to Viburnum Leaf Beetle.
Color, Blooms ornamental, Fruits ornamental, Fall conspicuous, Accent tree
or shrub Use Wildlife:
Birds eat the blue berries. Nectar-bees, Nectar-butterflies, Nectar-insects, Browse, Fruit-birds Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds , Butterflies Larval Host:
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for: