Marcus, Joseph A.
Ulmus alata Michx.
Winged elm, Wahoo
Ulmaceae (Elm Family)
Winged elm grows 30-40 ft. high with spreading branches that form a round-topped, oblong
corky ridges occur on the branches in one plane. Dark-green leaves alternate, ovate, oblique,
doubly serrate, acuminate,
small. Leaves may turn dull yellow in fall. Fruit
In the 18th and 19th centuries, the fibrous
was made into rope for fastening covers of cotton bales. The common and Latin species names refer to the distinctive broad, corky wings present on some twigs; Wahoo was the Creek Indian name.
Image Gallery: 31 photo(s) available
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr
AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MS , MO , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA Native Distribution:
S. VA to s. IL, c. MO & KS, s. to c. FL, OK & s.e TX Native Habitat:
Stream banks; woods; thickets USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Medium Light Requirement:
Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry CaCO3 Tolerance:
Low Cold Tolerant:
Variety of soils; best on terraces and bottomlands; may be somewhat weedy; fast growing; medium-lives. Conditions Comments:
Easily propagated from seed. Root Hormone is recomended for cuttings. Sometimes planted as a street tree
in the southern states. Susceptible to Dutch elm disease. Often infected with powdery mildew.
Fast growing, shade tree,
attractive. Use Wildlife:
Cover, Nesting site, Substrate-insectivorous birds, Seeds-granivorous birds, Seeds-Small mammals, Leaves-rabbit, Browse. Use Medicinal:
Indians seeped inner bark bark
for diarrhea and to ease childbirth. Use Other: Bark
fibers woven into baskets and rope. Interesting Foliage:
Butterflies Larval Host:
Question Mark butterfly.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for: