Flaigg, Norman G.
Staphylea trifolia L.
Staphyleaceae (Bladdernut Family)
American bladdernut is a large, suckering, deciduous shrub
or small tree,
8-15 ft. tall. Landscape attributes include: drooping clusters of cream, bell-shaped flowers; attractive, dark-green, trifoliate
leaves; greenish bark
textured with white cracks; and interesting fruit. The fruit,
which changes from green to yellow to brown, is a three-chambered bladder.
Image Gallery: 20 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Complexity: Trifoliate Autumn Foliage:
Reddish brown Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May
AL , AR , CT , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , MD , MA , MI , MN , MS , MO , NE , NH , NJ , NY , NC , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , VT , VA , WV , WI , DC Canada: ON Native Distribution:
Que. to MN, s. to FL, AR, e. OK & e. KS; generally absent from the Appalacians Native Habitat:
Moist, deep woods; thickets; floodplain woods USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
Soil Description: Moist, well-drained sandy or silty loams.
Conditions Comments: Bladdernut is insect and disease resistant. It tolerates a wide variety of soils.