Marcus, Joseph A.
Smilax bona-nox L.
Saw greenbrier, Catbrier, Bullbrier
Smilacaceae (Greenbrier Family)
A prickly vine
forming dense tangles in shrubby and wooded areas. Stems smooth, green, with stout, sharp prickles on the lower sections. Leaves with tendril-bearing petioles; blades up to 4 1/2 inches long and 4 inches wide, varying from triangular to heart shaped, often with a broad lobe
on each side, firm textured and occasionally mottled on the upper surface, persisting into winter. Flowers small, rather inconspicuous, in clusters arising from the axils of the leaves, male and female on different plants, appearing from March to June. Fruit
spherical, l/4 inch in diameter, fleshy, black.
Image Gallery: 4 photo(s) available
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
AL , AR , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MS , MO , NJ , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Drought Tolerance: High
Heat Tolerant: yes
BenefitUse Wildlife: The fruits of saw greenbrier are eaten by wood ducks, ruffed grouse, wild turkeys, fish crows, black bears, opossums, raccoons, squirrels, and many species of songbirds. White-tailed deer browse the foliage. Provides cover for small animals and birds.
Use Other: The seeds are animal dispersed and can be carried long distances by birds.
Deer Resistant: No