Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Rivina humilis

Pigeonberry, Rouge Plant, Baby-peppers, Bloodberry

Phytolaccaceae (Pokeweed Family)

Rivina humilis (Pigeonberry)
Cressler, Alan
Pigeonberry is a perennial herb about 1 foot tall that grows beneath trees and shrubs. The flowers are about 1/4 inch across, white to pink, growing on the last 23 inches of the stems. The fruits are numerous, red and almost translucent, often appearing on the lower part of the stem while the upper part is still blooming. They are a choice food for many kinds of birds. The leaves are 13 inches long and wavy on the edges (248).

Pigeonberry appeals to the eye when it blooms pale pink and bears scarlet fruit simultaneously.

Image Gallery:

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Size Notes: Normally no more than 1.5 feet tall, but can exceed 3 feet.
Flower: Flowers 2 inch flower spikes
Fruit: Red to orange 2-3.5 mm
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct


USA: AL , AZ , AR , FL , HI , LA , MS , NM , OK , TX
Native Distribution: Southern North America from Florida to Arizona, north to Oklahoma and Arkansas, south through Central America and the Caribbean to tropical South America
Native Habitat: In moist or alluvial soils in partial shade. Also in hilly chaparral.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist and well-drained sand, sandy loam, loam, clay, and calcareous soils.
Conditions Comments: Prefers light shade and moist but well drained soil. Without supplemental water in summer, it may go dormant.


Use Ornamental: Low-growing herb layer plant, decorative fruit and flowers
Use Wildlife: Fruit-birds
Use Other: The red fruits have been used for cosmetics, hence the name Rouge Plant.
Warning: Caution: the fruit and leaves are toxic if ingested.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds
Deer Resistant: Moderate

Last Update: 2016-03-11