Vick, Albert F. W.
Rhus copallinum L.
Winged sumac, Shining sumac, Flameleaf sumac, Mountain sumac, Dwarf sumac
Anacardiaceae (Sumac Family)
Winged sumac is a large, deciduous shrub
or small tree,
20-35 ft. tall, with short, crooked trunks and open branching. Glossy, dark-green, pinnately compound
leaves turn reddish-purple in the fall. Yellowish-green flowers are succeeded by drooping, pubescent,
clusters which turn dull red and persist through winter. It is easily distinguishable from other sumacs by the winged leaf axis and watery sap. Often forms thickets.
Image Gallery: 20 photo(s) available
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug
AL , AR , CT , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , ME , MD , MA , MI , MS , MO , NE , NH , NJ , NY , NC , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VT , VA , WV , WI , DC Native Distribution:
S. ME to s. MI & MO, s. to FL & e. TX Native Habitat:
Dry hillsides; open woods; prairies; thickets Found in scrub on limestone outcrops and rocky slopes, prairies, plains, and in sandy woodlands USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Sun Soil Moisture:
Dry CaCO3 Tolerance:
Low Soil Description:
Rocky, poor soils. Conditions Comments:
Shining sumac is a very ornamental sumac. Because of its large, spreading habit, is not suited to small areas. Native
sumacs are important wildlife plants, providing winter food for many upland gamebirds, songbirds, and large and small mammals. They are fast growing, generally pest and disease-free, and drought-tolerant. Colonies are often single-sexed, formed from a single, suckering parent. Only female plants produce berries, which are not as showy as those of R. typhina and R. glabra.
Winged Sumac is sometimes planted as an ornamental for its shiny leaves and showy fruit. Use Wildlife:
Winter food for many upland gamebirds, songbirds, and large and small mammals. Wildlife eat the fruit,
and deer also browse the twigs. Use Food:
The sour fruit
can be nibbled or made into a drink like lemonade. Attracts: