Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Pinus virginiana

Virginia pine, Jersey pine, Scrub pine

Pinaceae (Pine Family)

Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy
Virginia pine is a straggling, scrubby evergreen, 15-40 ft. tall, becoming flat-topped with age. Outstretched limbs spring irregularly from the reddish-brown trunk. Cones are sharp to the touch due to prickly-like appendages. Short-needled tree with open, broad, irregular crown of long spreading branches; often a shrub.

Used principally for pulpwood and lumber, it is hardier than most pines and suitable for planting in poor dry sites. Common in old fields as a pioneer after grasses on hills of the Piedmont, growing rapidly and forming thickets. Later this pine is replaced by taller, more valuable hardwoods.

Image Gallery:

2 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Leaf: Green
Fruit: Reddish brown
Size Class: 12-36 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Time: Apr


USA: AL , DE , GA , IN , KY , MD , MS , MO , NJ , NY , NC , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , WV , DC
Native Distribution: Long Island to PA & s. IN, s. to GA & n.e. MS
Native Habitat: Areas of poor, light soil in mountains and old fields

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Poor, well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: The species is valuable as cover for dry, barren sites. It dislikes shallow, chalky soils and is not tolerant of over-topping by other trees.


Use Wildlife: Seeds are an important wildlife food.
Attracts: Birds

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Pinus virginiana is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Eastern Pine Elfin
(Callophrys niphon)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

Last Update: 2013-09-05