Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Pinus virginiana

Virginia pine, Jersey pine, Scrub pine

Pinaceae (Pine Family)

Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)
Cressler, Alan
Virginia pine is a straggling, scrubby evergreen, 15-40 ft. tall, becoming flat-topped with age. Outstretched limbs spring irregularly from the reddish-brown trunk. Cones are sharp to the touch due to prickly-like appendages. Short-needled tree with open, broad, irregular crown of long spreading branches; often a shrub.

Used principally for pulpwood and lumber, it is hardier than most pines and suitable for planting in poor dry sites. Common in old fields as a pioneer after grasses on hills of the Piedmont, growing rapidly and forming thickets. Later this pine is replaced by taller, more valuable hardwoods.

Image Gallery:

4 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Leaf: Green
Fruit: Reddish brown
Size Class: 12-36 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Time: Apr


USA: AL , DE , GA , IN , KY , MD , MS , MO , NJ , NY , NC , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , WV , DC
Native Distribution: Long Island to PA & s. IN, s. to GA & n.e. MS
Native Habitat: Areas of poor, light soil in mountains and old fields

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Poor, well-drained soils.
Conditions Comments: The species is valuable as cover for dry, barren sites. It dislikes shallow, chalky soils and is not tolerant of over-topping by other trees.


Use Wildlife: Seeds are an important wildlife food.
Attracts: Birds

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Pinus virginiana is a larval host and/or nectar source for:
Eastern Pine Elfin
(Callophrys niphon)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

Last Update: 2015-04-30