Partridgeberry, Twinberry, Running box, Pigeon plum
Rubiaceae (Madder Family)
A trailing, evergreen herb
with white, fragrant, tubular flowers in pairs. Partridgeberry is a creeping, perennial herb,
no taller than 2 in. high. All parts are dainty, including its pairs of small, rounded, evergreen
leaves; tiny, trumpet-shaped, pinkish-white flowers; and scarlet berries.
A most attractive woodland creeper with highly ornamental foliage, it can be used as a groundcover under acid-loving shrubs and in terraria in the winter. The common name implies that the scarlet fruits are relished by partridges, and they are consumed by a variety of birds and mammals. Indian women drank a tea made from the leaves as an aid in childbirth.
Image Gallery: 13 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Retention: Evergreen Leaf Complexity: Simple Size Notes:
1 to 2 inches high Leaf:
Dark green Flower:
Flowers 1/4 inch to 1/2 inch
Red, occasionally white 1/4 to 1/2 inch Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
Bloom Notes: Blooms appear in pairs.
, DC Canada: NB
, QC Native Distribution:
N.S. to FL,
w. to MN,
& e. TX. Eastern North America, Zones 4 to 8 Native Habitat:
Dry or moist woods; stream banks; sandy slopes
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Dry
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Humus-rich, acidic soil. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Acid-based
Conditions Comments: This is a good ground cover for shady, undisturbed locations. It is sensitive to disturbance and needs to be kept moist unless it is in soil rich enough and a location shady enough that it can retain adequate moisture. If it begins to wilt from drought stress, water within two days or it will start to die.
A low-growing, evergreen
groundcover for rich, woodland soils in eastern North America Use Wildlife: Fruit
consumed by Ruffed Grouse, Bobwhite Quail, turkeys, skunks, and White-footed Mice Use Medicinal:
Indian women drank a tea made from the leaves as an aid in childbirth. (Niering) Conspicuous Flowers: