Mitella diphylla L.
Twoleaf miterwort, Miterwort
Saxifragaceae (Saxifrage Family)
A slender, elongated cluster of tiny white flowers, with 5 delicately fringed petals, above 1 pair of stalkless leaves at midstem; other leaves basal. Delicate plant with basal, heart-shaped, hairy stemmed leaves and a pair of similar, but stemless, leaves two-thirds up the flower stalk. Sparse spike
of minute, white, fringed flowers.
The flower is a fantastic bit of geometry, especially evident when viewed with a hand lens. The single pair of leaves at midstem accounts for the species name. The common and genus
names allude to the fruit,
which has the shape of a small cap or bishops miter. Naked Miterwort (M. nuda
), a lovely smaller species, has only basal leaves and fewer, slightly larger, greenish to yellow flowers; it occurs from Alberta east to Newfoundland, south to Pennsylvania, west to Michigan, Wisconsin, and Iowa, and northwest to North Dakota.
Image Gallery: 2 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
AL , AR , CT , DE , GA , IL , IN , IA , KY , MD , MA , MI , MN , MS , MO , NH , NJ , NY , NC , OH , PA , SC , TN , VT , VA , WV , WI , DC Canada: NS
, QC Native Distribution:
S.w. Que. & NH to MN, s. to upland GA,TN & AR Native Habitat:
Rich, wet woods; stream banks USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Rich, moist, sometimes limey, soils.
Conditions Comments: Not Available
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes