Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Mimulus cardinalis

Scarlet monkeyflower, Crimson monkeyflower

Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)

Mimulus cardinalis (Scarlet monkeyflower)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Scarlet monkey-flower is a large-flowered, robust perennial with 2-3 ft. stems. The flowers are carried high above the leaves and are of a peculiar shape. The lower lip is swept backward and the stamens extend beyond the upper lip. All parts of the flower are a brilliant, red-orange hue.

The handsome red flowers of this plant attract hummingbirds.

Image Gallery:

8 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf: Green
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Orange
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct


USA: AZ , CA , NV , NM , OR , UT
Native Distribution: S.w. OR & CA, e. to NV, extreme s.w. UT & AZ
Native Habitat: Stream banks & seeps below 8000 ft.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Older stems need to be trimmed back periodically or the growth becomes floppy and unsightly. This plant reseeds freely.


Use Wildlife: Crimson monkey flower attracts hummingbirds.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Last Update: 2015-12-07