Agarita, Agarito, Algerita, Laredo mahonia, Laredo Oregon-grape, Trifoliate barberry
Berberidaceae (Barberry Family)
Marcus, Joseph A.
This 3-6 ft. evergreen shrub,
can reach 8 ft. in favorable conditions. The rigid, spreading branches often form thickets. Gray-green to blue-gray, trifoliate,
holly-like leaves are alternate,
2–4 inches long, divided into three leaflets which have 3–7 lobes ending in sharp spines. Wood bright yellow. Flowers numerous, yellow, up to 1/2 inch wide with 6 petals and 6 sepals,
which are similar, forming a cup shape around the stamens
and pistils. Flowers appearing in February and March, their fragrance often filling the air where they are plentiful. Fruit
a red berry,
edible appearing from May to July.
Image Gallery: 88 photo(s) available
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr
, TX Native Distribution:
Coastal s. TX
through Trans-Pecos to s. AZ
& n. Mex. Native Habitat:
Hills; open woods; rocky slopes & cliffs, thickets and open woods from coastal South Texas northwest to the Trans-Pecos. Well-drained loam, clay, caliche, limestone.
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist , Dry Soil Description:
Rocky, limestone soil. Conditions Comments:
This evergreen shrub
has rigid, spreading branches often forming thickets. Gray-green to blue-gray, trifoliate,
holly-like foliage has needle-sharp tips. Clusters of fragrant, yellow flowers are followed by red berries from May to July. Songbirds eat the fruits, and quail and small mammals use the plant for cover. It is considered a good honey source.
Songbirds eat fruits. Quail and small mammals use the plant for cover. Considered a good honey source. Use Food:
The lustrous red fruit,
is a pea-sized berry
that is used in making jelly and wine. Use Other:
Roots furnished a yellow dye used by early pioneers. Fragrant Flowers:
Birds Deer Resistant: