Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
Lonicera sempervirens L.
Coral honeysuckle, Trumpet honeysuckle, Woodbine
Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family)
High-climbing, twining vine,
3-20 ft. long, with smooth, glossy, paired, semi-evergreen
leaves and 2-4 flowered clusters of red, tubular blooms followed by bright-red berries. Leaves ovate
with smooth, rolled down margins and a blunt or short pointed tip those immediately below the flowers fused at the base. This vine
has showy, trumpet-shaped flowers, red outside, yellow inside, in several whorled
clusters at the ends of the stems. Papery, exfoliating bark
is orange-brown in color. Fruit
a red berry.
This beautiful, slender, climbing vine
is frequently visited by hummingbirds. Not too aggressive. Good climber or ground cover. The species name refers to its evergreen
habit, especially in the South. Upper leaves are united. Five additional species also have upper leaves united. They differ from L. sempervirens
in having wide spreading flower lobes.
This species is named for Adam Lonicer (1528 - 1586), a German botanis noted for his 1557 revised version of Eucharius Rösslin’s herbal. He became professor of Mathematics in 1553 and Doctor of Medicine in 1554, becoming the town physician in Frankfurt-am-Main. His true interest though was herbs and the study of botany.
Image Gallery: 36 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Vine Root Type: Tap Leaf Retention: Evergreen Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Complexity: Simple Size Notes:
Usually 15 to 20 feet Leaf:
Flowers 2 inches long.
Red to black. 0.25 in. Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Red , Yellow
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
Bloom Notes: Blooms usually red but some cultivars/varieties yellow. Normally blooms mid-spring and intermittently thereafter.
AL , AR , CT , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , ME , MD , MA , MI , MS , MO , NH , NJ , NY , NC , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VT , VA , WV , DC Native Distribution:
S. ME to FL & e. TX; scattered inland to IL, Zones 6 to 9 Native Habitat:
East Texas woodlands. Well-drained sand, clay. USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(I)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Cold Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Various soils, but rich preferred. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Caliche type. Both lime and acidic OK.
Conditions Comments: Coral honeysuckle requires light, good air circulation, and adequate drainage to prevent powdery mildew. Some structural assistance may be necessary to help it begin climbing. Flowers best when given more sun. Tolerates poor drainage for short periods.
Good twining vine
with prominent blooms for full sun. Great for arbors. Use Wildlife:
Flowers attract hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. Fruits attract quail, Purple Finch, Goldfinch, Hermit Thrush, American Robin. Use Medicinal:
Dried and smoked for asthma, leaves ground by chewing and applied to bee stings. (Weiner)
Leaves make a decoction for sore throats and coughs. Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds , Hummingbirds , Butterflies Larval Host:
Spring Azure, Snowberry Clearwing Moth Nectar Source:
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for: