Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Lithospermum incisum

Golden Puccoon, Fringed Puccoon, Narrowleaf Puccoon, Narrow-leaved Puccoon, Puccoon, Narrowleaf Gromwell, Fringed Gromwell, Narrowleaf Stoneseed

Boraginaceae (Borage Family)

Lithospermum incisum (Golden puccoon)
Marcus, Joseph A.
One to several leafy stems, branched above on older plants, rise 6-16 in. high. Leaves are alternate, 2–4 inches long with rolled edges, larger near the base. Tubular, lemon yellow flowers with conspicuously fringed lobes are in clusters at the end of stems which are 6–12 inches long. They are trumpet–shaped with 5 petal-like lobes which open to 1 inch across, with crinkled margins. Very narrow leaves are less noticably hairy than other puccoons.

The genus name means stone seed, referring to the hard nutlets. This species produces few fruits from the showy flowers; instead, late in the season inconspicuous flowers that remain closed produce fruit in the lower leaf axils. There are several species in the West, one white-flowered, the rest with shorter, yellow corollas.

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Inflorescence: Terminal
Size Notes: 6-16 inches tall.
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun


USA: AZ , AR , CA , CO , FL , IL , IN , IA , KS , LA , MI , MN , MO , MT , NE , NV , NM , ND , OK , SD , TX , UT , WI , WY
Canada: MB , ON
Native Distribution: S. Ont. to s.e. B.C., s. to KY, AR, TX & AZ
Native Habitat: Dry prairies; open woods; disturbed areas

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Sandy, Dry sandy, clay or loamy soils.
Conditions Comments: It has very narrow leaves that are less noticably hairy than other puccoons. It also has tubular, lemon yellow flowers with conspicuously fringed lobes cluster at stem tips.


Use Ornamental: Pocket prairie, Wildflower meadow, Color, Blooms ornamental
Use Medicinal: Navajos chewed root for coughs and colds. (Weiner)
Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Last Update: 2015-06-25