Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Lilium canadense

Canada lily, Canadian lily, Wild yellow lily

Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Lilium canadense (Canada lily)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
This is a large, showy lily, 3-8 ft. tall, which bears flat, mostly whorled, lance-shaped leaves and is crowned with up to 20 pendulous, flowers. From 1 to several nodding flowers, each on a long stalk and ranging in color from yellow to orange-red with dark spots, are at the top of a stem that also bears whorled leaves. The slightly recurved lilies are yellow on the outside, reddish orange with dark spots on the inside.

As many as 16-20 of these beautiful, stalked, nodding flowers may be borne on one plant, either rising from the axils of leafy bracts or in a group at the end of the flowering stalk. The flower buds and roots were gathered and eaten by Indians. A similar Midwestern species, Michigan Lily (L. michiganense), has sepals and petals which curve backward until they touch the flower tube.

Image Gallery:

11 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Class: 3-6 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Orange , Yellow
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul


USA: AL , AR , CT , DE , GA , IN , KS , KY , ME , MD , MA , NE , NH , NJ , NY , NC , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VT , VA , WV , DC
Canada: NB , NS , ON , QC
Native Distribution: N.S. to OH, s. to MD, SC & AL
Native Habitat: Meadows; low thickets; wet woods

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet , Moist
Soil Description: Cool, moist, organic soil.
Conditions Comments: Not Available


Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Last Update: 2012-12-07