Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Lilium canadense

Canada lily, Canadian lily, Wild yellow lily

Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Lilium canadense (Canada lily)
Cressler, Alan
This is a large, showy lily, 3-8 ft. tall, which bears flat, mostly whorled, lance-shaped leaves and is crowned with up to 20 pendulous, flowers. From 1 to several nodding flowers, each on a long stalk and ranging in color from yellow to orange-red with dark spots, are at the top of a stem that also bears whorled leaves. The slightly recurved lilies are yellow on the outside, reddish orange with dark spots on the inside.

As many as 16-20 of these beautiful, stalked, nodding flowers may be borne on one plant, either rising from the axils of leafy bracts or in a group at the end of the flowering stalk. The flower buds and roots were gathered and eaten by Indians. A similar Midwestern species, Michigan Lily (L. michiganense), has sepals and petals which curve backward until they touch the flower tube.

Image Gallery:

12 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Class: 3-6 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Orange , Yellow
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul


USA: AL , AR , CT , DE , GA , IN , KS , KY , ME , MD , MA , NE , NH , NJ , NY , NC , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VT , VA , WV , DC
Canada: NB , NS , ON , QC
Native Distribution: N.S. to OH, s. to MD, SC & AL
Native Habitat: Meadows; low thickets; wet woods

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Wet , Moist
Soil Description: Cool, moist, organic soil.
Conditions Comments: Not Available


Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Last Update: 2015-07-15