Hamamelis vernalis Sarg.
Ozark witch-hazel, Vernal witch-hazel
Hamamelidaceae (Witch-Hazel Family)
A small tree
or large shrub
to 15 ft. tall with multiple, crooked stems forming an irregular, open crown. Older stems assume an attractive gray to grayish-brown color. Its flowers, the first of anything to bloom, are yellow to red, four-petaled and 1/2 in. long. To avoid freeze damage, the petals roll up on very cold days. Fall color develops late and is an attractive golden-yellow.
Image Gallery: 28 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf Complexity: Simple Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar
AR , MO , OK , TX Native Distribution:
S. MO to e. TX, e. to AL Native Habitat:
Rocky stream banks; moist, open woods USDA Native Status: L48(N)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Gravelly to clay soils.
Conditions Comments: Very flood tolerant. More tolerant of high pH than H. virginiana. Will sucker and form large colonies. Slow-growing and tolerates pruning quite well.