Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Hamamelis vernalis

Ozark witch-hazel, Vernal witch-hazel

Hamamelidaceae (Witch-Hazel Family)

Hamamelis vernalis (Ozark witch-hazel)
Makin, Julie
A small tree or large shrub to 15 ft. tall with multiple, crooked stems forming an irregular, open crown. Older stems assume an attractive gray to grayish-brown color. Its flowers, the first of anything to bloom, are yellow to red, four-petaled and 1/2 in. long. To avoid freeze damage, the petals roll up on very cold days. Fall color develops late and is an attractive golden-yellow.

Image Gallery:

29 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Size Class: 12-36 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar


USA: AR , MO , OK , TX
Native Distribution: S. MO to e. TX, e. to AL
Native Habitat: Rocky stream banks; moist, open woods

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Gravelly to clay soils.
Conditions Comments: Very flood tolerant. More tolerant of high pH than H. virginiana. Will sucker and form large colonies. Slow-growing and tolerates pruning quite well.

Last Update: 2013-09-07