Flaigg, Norman G.
Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida (Nutt.) Nutt.
Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain
Verbenaceae (Verbena Family)
The 6-12 in. stems branch near the base, usually lying on the ground with rising tips. Plants are covered with long, whitish hairs. Leaves are opposite
and deeply cut several times on both sides of the midrib; they are 1–3 1/2 inches long and 1 1/2 inches wide on a 1-inch stem. Branch-tip, ball-shaped flower heads are composed of tubular, five-lobed, purple flowers with dark centers. Individual flowers are about 1/2 inch long and 1/2 inch wide at the opening, with 5 sepals
and 5 petals. Branches continue elongating throughout the season, producing new flowers.
This species is a member of the verbena family (family Verbenaceae), which includes about 75 genera and 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, mostly of tropical and warm temperate regions. Among them, teak is a highly prized furniture wood, and Vervain, Lantana, Lippia or Frog Fruit
are grown as ornamentals.
Image Gallery: 37 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Annual
, Perennial Habit: Herb Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Size Notes:
6-12 inches. Flower:
Flowers in 2 inch heads
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
AL , AZ , AR , CA , CO , GA , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MS , MO , NE , NM , OK , SD , TN , TX , WI , WY Native Distribution:
MS to AZ, n. to SD Native Habitat:
Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs USDA Native Status: L48(N), PR(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Sandy to gravelly soils. Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Limestone/chalky, Sandy, Clay, Limestone-based, Caliche type
Conditions Comments: The stems branch near the base, usually lying on the ground with rising tips. Branch-tip, ball-shaped flower heads are composed of tubular, purple flowers. Branches continue elongating throughout the season, producing new flowers. A short-lived perennial. It is valued for the long bloom period of its showy flowers.
Ground cover, Rock gardens, Fall conspicuous, Showy, Blooms ornamental, Wildflower meadow, Perennial
garden Use Wildlife:
Attracts butterflies. Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds , Butterflies Nectar Source: