Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida


Prairie verbena, Purple prairie verbena, Dakota mock vervain, Dakota vervain


Verbenaceae (Verbena Family)



Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida (Prairie verbena)
Flaigg, Norman G.
The 6-12 in. stems branch near the base, usually lying on the ground with rising tips. Plants are covered with long, whitish hairs. Leaves are opposite and deeply cut several times on both sides of the midrib; they are 13 1/2 inches long and 1 1/2 inches wide on a 1-inch stem. Branch-tip, ball-shaped flower heads are composed of tubular, five-lobed, purple flowers with dark centers. Individual flowers are about 1/2 inch long and 1/2 inch wide at the opening, with 5 sepals and 5 petals. Branches continue elongating throughout the season, producing new flowers.

This species is a member of the verbena family (family Verbenaceae), which includes about 75 genera and 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, mostly of tropical and warm temperate regions. Among them, teak is a highly prized furniture wood, and Vervain, Lantana, Lippia or Frog Fruit are grown as ornamentals.

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42 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual , Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Arrangement: Opposite
Size Notes: 6-12 inches.
Flower: Flowers in 2 inch heads
Fruit:
Size Class: 0-1 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec

Distribution

USA: AL , AZ , AR , CA , CO , GA , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MS , MO , NE , NM , OK , SD , TN , TX , WI , WY
Native Distribution: MS to AZ, n. to SD
Native Habitat: Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Sandy to gravelly soils. Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Limestone/chalky, Sandy, Clay, Limestone-based, Caliche type
Conditions Comments: The stems branch near the base, usually lying on the ground with rising tips. Branch-tip, ball-shaped flower heads are composed of tubular, purple flowers. Branches continue elongating throughout the season, producing new flowers. A short-lived perennial. It is valued for the long bloom period of its showy flowers.

Benefit

Use Ornamental: Ground cover, Rock gardens, Fall conspicuous, Showy, Blooms ornamental, Wildflower meadow, Perennial garden
Use Wildlife: Attracts butterflies.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: Moderate

Last Update: 2011-04-24