Vick, Albert F. W.
Fraxinus americana L.
Oleaceae (Olive Family)
with straight trunk and dense, conical or rounded crown of foliage with whitish lower surfaces. White ash is a 75-120 ft., large-canopied, deciduous tree
with dense branching, pinnate
leaves, and early fall color. Leaves turn yellow, then change to purple in autumn.
The wood of White Ash is particularly suited for making baseball bats, tennis racquets, hockey sticks, polo mallets, oars, and playground equipment. A variation with hairs covering twigs, leafstalks, and underleaf surfaces has been called Biltmore Ash.
Image Gallery: 8 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Breeding System:
, Monoecious Leaf:
Green Autumn Foliage:
Green Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May
AL , AR , CO , CT , DE , FL , GA , HI , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , ME , MD , MA , MI , MN , MS , MO , NE , NH , NJ , NY , NC , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VT , VA , WV , WI , DC Canada: NB
, QC Native Distribution:
N.S. to s.e. MN & e. NE, s. to n. FL & e. TX Native Habitat:
Rich, upland or lowland woods; well-drained stream banks; pastures USDA Native Status: L48(N), HI(I), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
High Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade , Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist , Dry Soil pH:
Acidic (pH<6.8) CaCO3 Tolerance:
Medium Cold Tolerant:
Deep, mesic soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay. Conditions Comments:
White ash has a medium growth rate. It is not as adaptable as green ash, but is considered superior as an ornamental. Susceptible, like many ashes, to a wide variety of disease and insect pests; these usually are not a problem to vigorously growing trees. Seedlings will tolerate quite a bit of shade, but if a full crown is desired, a generous amount of sun will be necessary as the tree
matures. Prune in fall.
Fall conspicuous Use Wildlife:
Winged seeds attract song and game birds. Cover, Nesting site, Seeds-granivorous birds, Browse. Use Other:
Some tribes used the bark
to produce a yellow dye. (Kershaw)
Ash leaf juice has been recommended for soothing mosquito bites and bee stings. (Kershaw) Attracts:
Birds , Butterflies Larval Host:
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Hickory Hairstreak (Satyrium caryaevorum), Mourning Cloak, Red-spotted Purple, Viceroy & Tiger Swallowtail
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for: