Flaigg, Lillian G.
Echinacea angustifolia DC.
Black Sampson, Black Samson echinacea, Narrow-leaf Coneflower
Asteraceae (Aster Family)
The many stout stems of this perennial
are 18-24 in. tall and rarely branched. Oblong
leaves are covered with stiff hairs. The flower heads, borne singly atop the stems, have pinkish-lavender rays drooping from a dark, spiny, cone-shaped center.
tends to look poorly in its native
habitat but often thrives in cultivation.
Image Gallery: 25 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Herb Root Type: Tap Size Notes:
1.5-2 feet. Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul
CO , IA , KS , LA , MN , MO , MT , NE , NM , ND , OK , SD , TX , WY , DC Canada: MB
, SK Native Distribution:
W. MN to Sask. & MT, s. to TX & NM Native Habitat:
Woodlands edge, Opening, Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannahs USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Sun , Part Shade Soil Moisture:
Dry Soil pH:
Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2) Soil Description:
Clay Loam, Medium Loam, Sandy Loam, Clay, Sandy. Conditions Comments:
Narrow-leaf coneflower is a suitable addition to a prairie garden and attractive in flower arrangements. It tolerates well-drained clay-loam and high levels of soil alkalinity, and is more drought tolerant than E. pallida and E. purpurea. E. angustifolia tends to look poorly in its native
habitat, but often thrives in cultivation.
Vit. A, Vit. C, Vit. E, copper, iodine, iron, potassium, sulphur.
Medicinal uses: Today Echinacea used to boot the immune system. It is believed to ward off colds and the flu. But at high doses, the effectiveness decreases. Recent studies show that Echinacea may have anti-inflammatory properties and be useful in a wide variety of areas. Native
Americans used Echinacea to treat snakebites, burns, toothaches, colds, sore throat, headache, gonorrhea, mumps, tonsillitis, and smallpox (when mixed with puffball spores and skunk oil).
Early settlers used it for almost every ailment. The juice from the plant can prevent burns. Root (chewed or in tea) used for snake bites, spider bites, cancers, toothaches, burns, hard-to-heal sores, and wounds, flu and colds. (Foster & Duke)
Universal application for the bites and stings of all bugs; also snakebites, toothache, mumps; washed hands in decoction of plant in order for them to withstand heat; decoction of roots for snakebite and hydrophobia. (Weiner)
Macerated root used for snakebite, stings and venomous bites, including hydrophobia. Ate root and green fruit
when thirsty or perspiring and as painkiller for toothache, tonsillitus, stomachache and pain in bowels. Macerated root used as local anesthetic. Root used as cough medicine. Colds and sore throat treated by chewing piece of root and letting juice run down the throat. Tea made of leaves and root as a remedy for sore mouth and gums. Tea used for rheumatism, arthritus, mumps and measles. (Kindscher) Conspicuous Flowers:
Butterflies Nectar Source: