Cornus racemosa Lam.
Cornaceae (Dogwood Family)
Gray dogwood is a thicket-forming, deciduous shrub
to 16 ft. in height with greenish-white blossoms in open, terminal clusters. Young twigs are reddish and the fruit
pedicels remain conspicuously red into late fall and early winter. Fruit
itself is a white, 1/4 in. drupe
that usually does not remain on the shrub
of this dogwood is eaten by birds and other wildlife.
The genus cornus is Latin for a horn.
Image Gallery: 4 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Shrub Leaf:
Green Autumn Foliage:
White, red stems Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: May , Jun
AR , CT , DE , IL , IN , IA , KY , ME , MD , MA , MI , MN , MO , NE , NH , NJ , NY , NC , ND , OH , PA , RI , SC , SD , TX , VT , VA , WV , WI Canada: MB
, QC Native Distribution:
ME to Ont. & Man., s. to SC & AR Native Habitat:
Thickets; river bank woods; wet to dry, low, open areas USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Will adapt to drier sites. Used in erosion control and for wildlife habitat. Resistant to most diseases, insects and physiological problems.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Fruit
eaten by birds and other wildlife. Used by many bird species including Northern Cardinal, Downy Woodpecker, Northern Flicker, and Eastern Bluebird. Conspicuous Flowers:
Birds , Butterflies Larval Host:
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
is a larval host and/or nectar source for: