Marcus, Joseph A.
Cornus drummondii C.A. Mey.
Roughleaf dogwood, Drummond's dogwood, Rough-leaf dogwood
Cornaceae (Dogwood Family)
Rough-leaf dogwood is a clumping shrub
or small tree,
to 16 ft., with flat-topped clusters of creamy-yellow flowers and hard, white fruit
on reddish brown or gray branchlets. Leaves opposite
on green twigs, petioled; blades up to 4 inches long, roughly ovate
with an abruptly drawn-out tip and a rounded to tapering base, smooth margins, and prominent veins bending toward the tip; upper surface sometimes slightly rough to the touch, lower slightly velvety. The upper surface of the oval
leaves is covered with rough hairs while the lower surface is softly pubescent. Fall color is purplish-red. Flowers about 1/4 inch wide, cream colored, with 4 petals, numerous in broad clusters at the ends of branches, appearing from April to early June. Fruit
fleshy, rounded, white, about 1/4 inch wide.
This dogwood is easily recognized by the rough, upper leaf surfaces and white fruit. It spreads from root sprouts and provides cover for wildlife; various small birds, such as Bells Vireo, nest in the thickets.
The genus cornus is Latin for a horn, The species name of this plant is named for Thomas Drummond, (ca. 1790-1835), naturalist, born in Scotland, around 1790. In 1830 he made a trip to America to collect specimens from the western and southern United States. In March, 1833, he arrived at Velasco, Texas to begin his collecting work in that area. He spent twenty-one months working the area between Galveston Island and the Edwards Plateau, especially along the Brazos, Colorado, and Guadalupe rivers. His collections were the first made in Texas that were extensively distributed among the museums and scientific institutions of the world. He collected 750 species of plants and 150 specimens of birds. Drummond had hoped to make a complete botanical survey of Texas, but he died in Havana, Cuba, in 1835, while making a collecting tour of that island.
Image Gallery: 30 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Size Notes:
Green Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
AL , AR , GA , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , MI , MS , MO , NE , NY , OH , OK , PA , SD , TN , TX , WI Canada: ON Native Distribution:
MS to TX, n. to Ont., OH, IL & NE Native Habitat:
Swamps & marshes; wet to dry woods & thickets; lake & stream banks; dry, limestone hills USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use:
Low Light Requirement:
Part Shade , Shade Soil Moisture:
Moist , Dry CaCO3 Tolerance:
Low Cold Tolerant:
Dry to moist, alkaline soils. Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Acid-based, Calcareous. Conditions Comments:
This is a very adaptable plant and is found in nature in a variety of wet to dry situations. However it grows best in moist soils. The large showy clusters of tiny flowers provide nectar
for many butterfly species. Many birds eat the white fruit
clusters. Leaves turn red in the fall. Dogwoods can be afflicted with many disease and insect problems, but most of these are not serious if the plants are kept in good health. The trees colonize by suckers. Maintain this species as a tree
by mowing or pulling surplus shoots.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Showy, Attractive, Blooms ornamental, Fall conspicuous, Erosion control, Bog or pond area
Use Wildlife: Nectar-insects, Fruit-birds
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Attracts: Birds , Butterflies
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: No