Celastrus scandens L.
Celastraceae (Bittersweet Family)
A high-climbing or sprawling woody vine,
reaching 30 ft. Deciduous
leaves are simple, ovate
and dark-green; greenish-yellow in fall. Small, greenish flowers are followed by a showy, orange capsule
that splits open to expose a crimson aril. A twining, woody vine
that produces small green flowers and distinctive bicolored fruits. The fruit
is held in drooping clusters.
species is being replaced in the Northeast by the more aggressive Asiatic Bittersweet (C. orbiculatus
) which has escaped from cultivation. It has flowers and showy scarlet fruit
arising from the axils of the leaves.
Image Gallery: 4 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Vine Size Notes:
Green Autumn Foliage:
Red, Orange Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green , Brown
Bloom Time: May , Jun
AL , AR , CT , DE , GA , IL , IN , IA , KS , KY , LA , ME , MD , MA , MI , MN , MS , MO , MT , NE , NH , NJ , NY , NC , ND , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , VT , VA , WV , WI , WY , DC Canada: MB
, QC Native Distribution:
Que. to Man. & e. MT, s. to GA & AL mts., TX & WY Native Habitat:
Woodlands; bluffs; stream banks; rocky hillsides; thickets; fence rows; roadsides USDA Native Status: L48(N), CAN(N)
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Dry
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Well-drained soils.
BenefitWarning: POISONOUS PARTS: All parts, seeds. Low toxicity if eaten. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, loss of conciousness. (Poisonous Plants of N.C.)