Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Capsicum annuum

Chile pequin, Chile petin, Bird pepper, Turkey pepper , Cayenne pepper

Solanaceae (Potato Family)

Capsicum annuum (Chile pequin)
Wasowski, Sally and Andy

Image Gallery:

11 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual , Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Size Notes: 1-3
Fruit: Green turning red when ripe
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct


USA: AL , AZ , CT , FL , GA , HI , LA , MD , NY , NC , PA , SC , TX , UT , VA
Native Habitat: On ledges along rivers, in thickets and groves and along arroyos on the Edwards Plateau and in South Texas. Well drained sand, loam, clay, caliche, limestone.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: clay, heavy clay, sandy loam
Conditions Comments: The Chile pequin is a much sought after perennial native hot pepper that is well behaved in the garden. It is an easy to grow favorite that the birds will also appreciate. Chile pequins will grow with sun or shade and respond to good care with more growth and fruits. The fruits are edilble and on the hot side as a seasoning. Beautiful when used in mass plantings.


Use Food: Small and very hot pepper.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: High

Last Update: 2016-01-21