Anacacho orchid tree, Anacacho bauhinia, Orchid tree, Texas plume
Fabaceae (Pea Family)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia
only to a few canyons in western central Texas and in adjacent northeastern Mexico, Anacacho orchid tree
is a 6-12 ft., single- or multi-trunked shrub
or small tree
with small, light green, deeply cleft leaves. Delicate white to pale pink, orchid-like flowers with extended stamens
appear prolifically in clusters. Fruit
is a flattened pod.
Anacacho orchid tree
makes a gorgeous display with its silvery gray bark
and fragrant white flowers that resemble orchids. It is a relatively rapid-growing tree
after its first year when placed in a favorable location, but should be planted on the south side of buildings in areas with harsh winters. The nectar
attracts butterflies and bees.
The genus is named after Swiss herbalists, John and Caspar (1560-1624) Bauhin.
Image Gallery: 25 photo(s) available
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial Habit: Tree Leaf Retention: Deciduous Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Size Notes:
6-12 feet. Leaf:
Light green Flower:
Fruit: Size Class:
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May
Bloom Notes: It also blooms sometimes after heavy summer/fall rains.
DistributionUSA: TX Native Distribution:
to n.e. Mex. Native Habitat:
Canyons & arroyos in limestone hills. Known only from canyons and arroyos in limestone hills in Kinney, Presidio, and Gillespie or Llano counties. Well-drained sand, loam, limestone.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Rocky, limestone soils. Sandy, sandy loam, medium loam, limestone-based
Conditions Comments: Does best when planted on the south side of a building, protected from winter winds.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Blooms ornamental, Fast growing, Understory tree. Its unique foliage and showy flowers make it a beautiful speciman plant, or as a container plant for small areas.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: High