Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin information

 Native Plant Database

Asimina parviflora

Smallflower pawpaw, Small-flower pawpaw, Dwarf pawpaw

Annonaceae (Custard-Apple Family)

Asimina parviflora (Smallflower pawpaw)
Cressler, Alan
Small-flower or dwarf pawpaw is a 6-8 ft. shrub. Its young shoots and leaves are covered with a rusty down, later becoming smooth. Thick, dark green leaves are heavily scented. Brownish-purple, six-petaled flowers are borne singly in leaf axils before leaf emergence. Cylindric, dark green or brown fruit.

Image Gallery:

2 photo(s) available

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Obovate
Leaf Venation: Pinnate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Apex: Acuminate
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Shrub up to 10 feet tall.
Leaf: Alternate, simple, oblong to obovate or oblanceolate, pointed at the tip, tapering to the base, without teeth, smooth at maturity, except for some hairs on the veins on the lower surface, up to 8 inches long.
Flower: Solitary, borne in axils of the leaf scars, maroon, up to 3/4 inch across, usually with a slightly bad odor.
Fruit: Berries greenish yellow at maturity, smooth, up to 3 inches long.
Size Class: 6-12 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May


USA: AL , AR , FL , GA , LA , MS , NC , SC , TX , VA
Native Distribution: Coastal plain pine forests from s.e. VA to FL & e. TX
Native Habitat: Dry, piney or oak woods; thickets

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Fertile, loose, acid soils.
Conditions Comments: Good understory plant.


Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Last Update: 2014-08-22